With the development of society, economy and technology, people expect longevity. Indeed, over the past century, it is an indisputable fact that humans are living longer. With the longevity of human life, aging has become a global social issue involved with health problems of the elderly, social security system and social service requirements and so on. For the health problems of the elderly, with increasing age, the prevalence probability will be greatly increased, especially for the diseases of cancer, cardiovascular disease (CVD), Arthritis and Dementia. In order to maintain health and cure diseases to some extent, the elderly consume more prescription drugs comparing with young people. Whether the yield of prescription drugs should be increased to satisfy the requirements of the elderly to maintain health is a worth exploring social topic.
In the research, the above topic will be discussed based on the aging situation in UK. Like other countries, UK is also facing serious aging issues that more elderly people have to consume more prescription drugs to maintain health. In order to explore the actual relationship between aging and the consumption of prescription drugs, in the study, firstly, the prevalence of cancer, CVD, Arthritis and Dementia in the elderly in the UK has changed during the past will be reviewed based on secondary data from magazine, newspaper, literatures, etc. Secondly, how the sales volume of the prescription drugs to cancer, CVD, Arthritis and Dementia in UK has changed correspondingly to more elderly population will be explored by secondary data also from magazine, newspaper, literatures, etc. Thirdly, the relationship between aging and the sales volume of prescription drugs will be concluded to predict whether the yield of prescription drugs should be increased to satisfy the requirements of the elderly to maintain health.
Population Background 人口背景
Within the ten year period of 2004 to 2014, the UK total population has increased by 8.2% from 59.6 million to 64.6 million. While the elderly population which generally defines as people above age 65 have increase by almost 20% (19.8%) from 9 million to 11.3 millions. As illustrate in table X, The number of males aged 85 and over in the UK has increase by 61.8% since mid-2004. Meanwhile, according to Parliament.UK (2010), about three million persons in UK are more than 80 years old. However, t